If you are truly "starting up" with teaching remote sensing - then I say
that your primary goal should be to help students (1) get excited about remote
sensing so that they will want to continue their journey in it, and (2) not
deluge them with hard science behind it right away, but provide some
interesting and compelling activities that will make them, later, want to
pursue, with your guidance, the science and technology behind it.
So, that being said, some ideas to get started would be:
Start with my weird Earth set of images and teaching
and the first three videos of mine in this list:
Another one is to guide students through "Name that
Place" - https://blogs.esri.com/esri/gisedcom/2014/01/31/name-that-place/
Follow with the Change Matters viewer and examine
Use my guiding questions and this web mapping Landsat
Take a look at my real-time weather and maps lesson and map.
You can take what I did for California and do the same for Sverige:
You might take a look at the new European Data Portal
that we just reviewed on our data blog for some additional data:
I have been involved in the IGETT Remote Sensing project
Some good instructional resources are here.
My colleagues wrote this book with exercises - very
nicely done - https://blogs.esri.com/esri/gisedcom/2014/01/30/new-making-spatial-decisions-using-gis-and-remote-sensing-a-workbook/
I hope this helps!