An article in Nature magazine about the FAIR guiding principles for scientific data management by Mark Wilkinson, Michael Dumontier, IJsbrand Jan Aalbersberg, and about 25 other authors I believe has thoughtful implications for us as GIS practitioners: How should we manage and serve our GIS data? What should be included in that data? The FAIR guiding principles-–Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable–-are good ones to keep in mind when setting up sites such as open data portals, ArcGIS Hub sites, and other tools and means to make data available. These four FAIR principles should serve to guide data producers and publishers as they overcome challenges in serving data. As time advances, the power and ease of use of ArcGIS Hub and other tools diminish the technical challenges. But the organizational challenges, such as long term support, funding, staffing, gathering stakeholders, and establishing a vision, remain. The article also seeks to identify the value gained by contemporary, formal scholarly digital publishing. The authors state that the FAIR principles apply not only to ‘data’ in the conventional sense, but also to the algorithms, tools, and workflows that led to that data. Interesting. The authors make the claim that all scholarly digital research objects–-from data to analytical pipelines-—benefit from application of these principles, since all components of the research process must be available to ensure transparency, reproducibility, and reusability. All of this makes me re-question some key elements of GIS workflows: What should we include when we serve data? Is it only the vectors or rasters and metadata? Should we also consider including not just the raw data, but our methods as well? Including the methods will make our research more replicable and, potentially, more widely adopted, and potentially beneficial. But I'm a realist--I have been publishing for 30 years. I know publishing original research is critically important to many professions. I have also seen paragraphs I've written that have been used in others' articles and not attributed to me. Should I be stressed that these paragraphs were copied and I didn't get the credit, or honored that they were deemed valuable by someone else? What are the implications if someone copies our methods and claims them as their own? Or should we care so much about ownership nowadays in the face of the very serious community-to-global problems that we face? So many questions! But, I think, worthy ones to ask. Of note is the FAIR webinar series (https://www.ands.org.au/working-with-data/the-fair-data-principles/fair-webinar-series) that, while dated, offer additional information as recordings. FAIR principles. One of my favorite points the authors make is that “Good data management is not a goal in itself, but rather is the key conduit leading to knowledge discovery and innovation, and to subsequent data and knowledge integration and reuse by the community after the data publication process.” The authors touch on a problem I have encountered in my own GIS work–-that research results are usually published without providing access to data. Certainly this is understandable when human subjects and other sensitive data are involved, but even then, couldn’t some steps be taken so individual identities are removed? The authors state that “Partially in response to this, science funders, publishers and governmental agencies are beginning to require data management and stewardship plans for data generated in publicly funded experiments.” If this were to happen across all disciplines and at many scales, the entire global society would benefit. Imagine the variety and volume of data we could access to address societal issues and problems if this goal of the authors were realized: “Beyond proper collection, annotation, and archival, data stewardship includes the notion of ‘long-term care’ of valuable digital assets, with the goal that they should be discovered and re-used for downstream investigations, either alone, or in combination with newly generated data.” It’s clear to me that the current publishing and scholarly process is increasingly out of date with what society needs from research, particularly if we are going to solve problems in energy, water, human health, climate, economic inequality, biodiversity, agriculture, and other areas. A research article is valuable, but the data, the methods, the recommendations, are also increasingly needed. I salute the authors for nudging the community forward in thinking outside the box. The authors seek to define what good data management actually is, and acknowledge that it is generally left as a decision for the data or repository owner. Therefore, their goal in this article and in the webinar series was to bring “some clarity around the goals and desiderata of good data management and stewardship, and defining simple guideposts to inform those who publish and/or preserve scholarly data, would be of great utility.” The authors recognize that this isn’t an easy task, because it involves numerous, diverse stakeholders with different interests, and it is intertwined with publishing, credit, data providers, service providers, academics, and others. But it is worth pursuing.
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I created a video here: https://youtu.be/R_Fv-O7PSbU that quickly illustrates what Bern described. Really amazing what you can do with the Wayback imagery and the swipe tool now! Coastal and river processes, urbanizations, land cover change, volcanism, glacial advance and retreat, and much more. Try it! --Joseph Kerski
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Join me in a live stream from Facebook for GIS Day! Wednesday 18 November 2020. Twelve 5 minute blocks featuring music, maps, apps, and more.. how you can learn more about GIS and why it all matters. https://www.facebook.com/events/1753930484776438 0900 Welcome – What is GIS? What’s where, why is it there, why should we care? Holistic and specialized. Enterprise wide. What is GIS Day? Resources there; virtual GIS events. My series of GIS Helps videos. A new series of videos focused on the theme of "GIS Helps" that is now online in the following playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZtjGSwC0B4&list=PLiC1i3ejK5vsAraUOjp3wKadPeX0e2ivr Resources to discover more! 0905 My 3 favorite web mapping applications to understand the whys of where. My 3 favorite mapping tools. 0910 My 3 favorite phone mapping applications to explore the world. 0915 Geo-Songs Break! Part 1 of 2. 0918 GIS Crossword Puzzle. 5 clues. GeoNet blog. 0919 Shakespeare and maps! 0920 The best geography and mapping related books I read in 2020 and for all time. 0925 My 5 favorite data sets. 0930 5 everyday and fun examples showing why it is important to pay attention to mapped data quality: Spatial Reserves. 0935 Geo Quiz: Name that Place. 5: Urban rivers, waterfalls, etc. Show answers. 0940 5 Forces bringing us to a pivotal time in GIS. 0945 5 Key Trends in GIS. 0950 5 Skills Important in your GIS journey. 0954 Key Messages. 0955 Geo-Songs Break! Part 2 of 2. 0958 Ways to Keep Learning. 1000 End.
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Hello! Did you try https://ago-assistant.esri.com/ ? That is what I use. However it will only work with the classic story maps. It won't work with the new story maps from what I understand; at least not at the current time, from what I understand. I have transferred new story maps from 1 account to another, but I have had to use a copy and paste operation which does work but it takes awhile. Maybe others know more. --Joseph Kerski
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Yes, greetings Giovanni! To add to Chris' excellent resources, we work closely with community colleges through this organization as well: www.geotechcenter.org In fact I am giving a keynote address for their GIS Day event next Wed 18 Nov 2020 if you are interested in that. Here is the event: https://geotech-virtual-gis-day-kctcs.hub.arcgis.com/ Another STEM note - I have a book co-authored called Spatial Mathematics and have numerous GeoNet posts about the use of GIS to foster science and math instruction--proportions, geometry, plate tectonics, eocregions, to name a few. Keep in touch then! ---Joseph Kerski
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In Part 1 of this series , I described how racial equity and social justice can be understood and engaged with using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). In this “Part 2” essay, let’s dig deeper into practical ways of doing so and also discuss relevant issues that are inherent to using digital maps and data within a GIS environment.
One powerful capability within the modern ArcGIS platform is that you can map your own data. You can do this in a wide variety of means: You can scan and georeference historical maps or sketches of a community. You can geocode spreadsheets of location-based data. You can add mapped features while examining aerial, UAV, or satellite imagery. One of the easiest and most popular ways to gather and map your own data is with field surveys such as QuickCapture or Survey123 . You can also crowdsource your field surveys to get community input on an issue. You can use the field surveys to empower the community to participate in mapping and understanding issues such as areas that are not walkable or not walkable , the presence of litter, green spaces (or lack thereof), benches, bus stops, recycling centers, community gardens, gathering places, or other information.
These maps are not just pretty graphics floating around in cyberspace. Each piece of data has topology; it “knows” where it is related to everything else around it. ArcGIS Online, ArcGIS Insights, and ArcGIS Pro offer the power of spatial analysis. Analysis tools work with the topology of the data and enable you to determine where variations and patterns in variables exist, where they change, determining size, shape, and distribution, how places are related, finding optimal locations and paths, detecting patterns, and making predictions. You run these spatial analysis tools in an intuitive step-by-step manner, adjusting the inputs and outputs as you see fit, whether it is map overlay, proximity, creating the weighted mean center of data, determining statistical significance, or other analytical tools. These tools are used in equity-driven research study in a wide variety of disciplines, though perhaps geographers have studied their spatial aspects the most. Searching on “equity” for example , in a recent conference of the American Association of Geographers , nets many studies in a wide variety of places at many scales.
Maps have always been used to tell stories. People can teach with maps and learn from maps. Beyond fostering skills in spatial thinking and geotechnologies, engaging with these digital maps encourages community members to think spatially and holistically about the interaction of people with the built environment and the natural world. The compelling multimedia maps that the ArcGIS platform enables you to create, such as story maps , 3D scenes, other web mapping applications, photos, sound clips, and videos, can be a powerful motivator people to take action. Over one million story maps exist, created by people from all over the world about a diversity of issues. These maps are a testimony to the attraction and utility of these maps. In one powerful example, the city of Asheville North Carolina created this story map to show historical roots and current issues around racial equity. In another example, GIS was used in the fight for fairer redistricting and voting right in California.
Inherent in working with data of any kind are ethical issues. Ethics are especially important in maps, which have for thousands of years been a visually powerful medium. When creating and sharing maps, it is important that you understand your data sources so that you can decide whether each source is suitable for your analysis. You also will need to make choices about the map projection, data model, classification method, number of classes, symbology (colors, shading, and types of symbols), and other aspects of your maps. Communicating through maps gives you much power, and that power must be used thoughtfully and ethically . This essay offers ways of teaching and learning about ethics through maps, through real life experiences, through good maps, and yes, even through “bad” or “misleading” maps!
Using these maps also fosters engagement with the geographic inquiry process , where people ask a geographic question, acquire data, analyze that data, communicate the results of the analysis, and act on what is learned.
The geographic inquiry process.
For example, student-led mapping in Los Angeles focused on something that is often not thought about: shade, and the equitable planting of new trees. In another example, GIS was used in the fight for fairer redistricting and voting rights in California. To dig deeper, see the racial equity resources and this hub from Esri.
Many of these digital maps illustrate, in my view, where an opportunity exists to do something about an issue. Using these maps empowers people to tackle things they care deeply about. A few ways that organizations use GIS to help with social justice efforts include: Mapping and analyzing inequity, spatially enhancing community engagement, allocating resources equitably, and managing performance of racial justice initiatives. What issues could your students investigate through the geographic inquiry process and the data available on this site? Could projects showcased here could be replicated in your own community?
I began the first essay in this series with a statement about how maps have inspired people over the centuries. Maps have also served as a universal and common language that helps people visualize a large amount of data in a small amount of space. For many years I showed a video to my students about how maps produced from GIS helped bring two disparate groups in the Pacific Northwest (the environmental and the logging communities) together around a common goal—a healthy forest. It is my hope and belief that GIS can accomplish the same type of community building around racial equity and social justice. Through understanding the situation through maps, we can bring people together to build communities and a world in which we would all like to live.
Discussing community issues around maps and imagery.
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Thanks Jay ! Good suggestions. Joseph Joseph J. Kerski, Ph.D. GISP | Education Manager Esri | 167 S. Taylor Avenue | Louisville CO 80027-3025 | USA Tel 909-369-8237 Mobile 303-625-3925 email@example.com | esri.com Twitter: @josephkerski
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Hi Amy: I would say: Scan the recent User Conference proceedings from Esri (https://proceedings.esri.com/library/userconf/index.html), from www.scgis.org, and conferences from other organizations to gain ideas on the problems people are addressing, the data used, and the methods employed. Go through the Esri ArcGIS Book (https://learn.arcgis.com/en/arcgis-book/) for additional ideas that may spring forth from your investigation of the many intriguing maps there. Go through some articles on https://scholar.google.com/ using a variety of search terms. I hope these additional resources are helpful. --Joseph Kerski
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