In ArcMap I have been able to view trends in my data, using the trend analysis tool with the geostatistical analyst license. There is an image of what I am talking about here: Trend analysis—Help | ArcGIS Desktop Is this function no longer available in ArcPro? If it is still available, where do I find it?
Based on Esri documentation and my experience, Pro does not offer a comparable tool. You should definitely post it as an idea, since I miss having it around too: https://community.esri.com/community/arcgis-ideas
This is on the development team's radar. So while it isn't necessary to submit it as an idea, that could be done for tracking purposes and it will also help gauge current demand for the functionality.
Click link to UPVOTE: Add Trend Analysis Tool in ArcGIS Pro: