I want to create a line shapefiles of white roads from the raster file (screenshot1) using ArcGIS:
My idea is to use ArcScan toolbar, but first of all I need to classify roads pixels values from raster. For that I have used ISO Unsupervised classification tool with a number of 30 classes. The results are not good for me because I got the unclear pixel values which are unusable for ArcScan vectorisation (screenshot2):
Of course, if I have a clear pixels defining the roads I will use Reclassify tool to filter get just two pixel values (one which I need and one which don`t). Now I need to know is there any way to solve my problem?
For a scanned map like this one, digitization is the best way.
As rightly pointed by you, ArcScan will work on 1-bit image. Also Supervised/Unsupervised classifications are not good for scanned images.
If the roads can be isolated, but they are too wide, try Thin.... prior to converting to polylines works in some instances, but that in conjunction or arcscan and manual digitizing will get it all together
In case this is a place in the Netherlands (which could be the case based on the Dutch text "Schipbeek"), you could go to the PDOK site and download the vector dataset instead of trying to convert the raster data into vector data:
I'm afraid that the history available doesn't go back further then 2012:
If the attached image represents the actual quality of the scan that you have:
You will have to deal with the spectral mixing in the scan and the anti aliasing effect. You don't simply have white for the road and black for the border, but a range of grey colors which will make it more complex to automagically convert it to a correct vector representation of the roads.
I noticed that the NWB (National Wegen Bestand) is available in WFS (earliest edition is 2006): https://data.overheid.nl/data/dataset/nationaal-wegen-bestand-wegen-hectopunten-2006
Or maybe you could contact Rijkswaterstaat directly asking if they have a version of the roads for your specific area from 1930: https://www.rijkswaterstaat.nl/formulieren/contactformulier-nationaal-wegenbestand.aspx
Jayanta's suggestion... some image classification is in order, ... the road colour is off-white hopefully sufficiently different from other white values to give it a good chance of being recognized and separated. It would be worth a shot, then proceed to the semi-automated methods...
Thinning will work, but it needs something to thin as noted