[Updated August 10, 2023]
Camera systems can help make homes and businesses safer. This technology has become cheaper and more accessible to consumers than ever before. As these systems multiply, they have become an important tool for capturing evidence of criminal activity in our communities. But with so many cameras it can be hard for police to know where these cameras are located or who to contact for access.
Camera registration programs are a new initiative many police departments are introducing to enlist the communities help in crime fighting activities. These programs allow citizens and businesses to register their surveillance cameras with the local police department. Registration in these programs gives police permission to access footage from these cameras if a crime takes place nearby, which can provide much needed evidence in support of investigations.
Registering a camera does not provide police remote accessed to the camera or a live video feed, but it does give them a good database of security cameras in the area without having to go door to door to solicit this information.
Using the ArcGIS Survey123, police departments are easily able to setup a voluntary camera registration form that citizens can use to share the location, characteristics and contact information of private surveillance systems.
There are a number of Voluntary Camera Registration forms built with Survey123 out there. For example:
This article describes how to create your own Voluntary Camera Registration form using Survey123. If first explains how to design and publish the form, then provides tips to keep gathered information safe, to prevent unauthorized access. The last sections briefly discuss how you can include a link, or embed the form within a website, social media, etc.
You will need an ArcGIS Online account with publishing permissions (Creator User Type), and about 45 minutes of your time to follow instructions in this article.
To create a new form using Survey123, you will need an ArcGIS account with permissions to create content and publishing feature services in ArcGIS. If your organization does not have ArcGIS Online yet, you can create an ArcGIS Trial | Free 21-Day Trial subscription for free.
Before you start, it is best to spend some time figuring out what questions you want in your form. Some of the examples above (Redlands or Marietta) can serve you as inspiration.
Try to keep the form simple. Write down your questions on paper and think carefully about the exact wording you want to use. Once you have your draft form design on paper, run it through a small group of colleagues and incorporate feedback. Once you have some consensus, it is time to build a first iteration with Survey123.
Next, purely as an example, I will provide step by step instructions that you can follow to learn basic techniques to add questions into your form.
Tip: If the animation below is too small, click on it to enlarge it.
After your initial survey project setup finishes, the Survey123 designer will open. You can then start adding questions to your form. I like to begin with the survey title, and the header as shown in the animation below.
If you ever plan to share your survey in social media, it is good practice to choose a representative Name, Summary and Thumbnail as they will all be used in social media sharing cards.
To logically organize questions in the form, we are going to use to groups. Here is how you can add and label them:
Groups are a great way to break down your form into sections. They can help you make your form more readable. You can add as many groups to your form as you like and even add groups within groups. For a simple form like this we will keep all questions and groups within a single page. For larger forms, you may want to break your survey into pages.
Tip: You can use the Preview option in the lower-right corner of Survey123 designer to look at your form as you build it. Note that you can preview your form in desktop, tablet and mobile form factors.
In the Security Device Information group we are going to add questions to capture the location of the camera and a few key characteristics.
Next we are going to add a question to find out if it would be possible to have access to the footage and if so, what is the retention policy. We will use a rule to control the visibility of the footage retention question.
You can apply rules to choice questions such as Single Choice, Dropdown and Likert. When defining a rule, you can control visibility on a single question and entire groups.
Tip: Save your work from time to time. It does not hurt! The Save button is on the lower-right corner of Survey123 designer.
Now we are going to add questions for people to optionally provide additional information about the camera. system. On top of the basic types (text, choices, numbers), Survey123 forms also support photos and even documents. People for example may want to upload a zip file with blueprints of the building highlighting the exact location and coverage of the camera, etc.
The header is also important because that is a good place to insert some context about your Voluntary Camera Registration Program. This is where you can tell users why the Police Department is looking to collect camera information, etc. You can also use the header to bring the logo of your organization.
Your form is complete, but since manners matter, we are going to refine the look & feel and also configure a Thank You screen that will appear after a form is submitted.
The Publish button, in the lower-right corner of the screen lets you publish your form so you can start capturing data with it. By default, published forms are only available to the author of the survey. That is, you need to login with the credentials of the person that created the survey in order to submit data. This is by design, so you can test your own form before you share it with other people.
I strongly suggest you give your form a quick test, submitting data and making sure all looks good, before you share it with other people. Once your data is submitted, you can check it through the Data tab in the Survey123 website. You will be presented with both table and map views of your data. Note that you can further edit information submitted. For example, you can update and delete your test records, right from within the Survey123 website.
Do not be shy, run your form by people in your office and get feedback on it. You can make further adjustments to your survey at this point, and then publish the changes again. Once you feel confident with your form design, you are ready to share it.
Using the Collaborate tab, you can share your survey design for others to submit data. You want to be extremely careful following these steps or otherwise you could be compromising the data that users will submit.
The What can submitters do? section is critical. You want to make sure you enable only access to adding features. If you also enable the option to update features, then a malicious person could technically query, download and even modify data submitted through your survey. By default, when you publish a survey your survey data is ALWAYS secure. That is, you can publish your survey publicly while keeping all your data private.
In short, what we have done so far is to make our survey publicly available, so anyone, even without an ArcGIS account can submit data, but we have disabled all options for non-authenticated users to query and download the data. That is, we have shared a survey that can only be used to submit data: your data will not be compromised.
Next, you can get the link to your survey and use it within social media, your own website, etc.
You may notice that you can also get a QR code for your survey and even easily copy and paste HTML code to embed the survey within a website.
Data submitted to your survey will only be available to you, the author of the survey, unless you explicitly share your survey results with others. This can also be done through the Collaborate tab.
Any person with an ArcGIS account belonging to the groups you select in this dialog will be able to log into the Survey123 website to look at the results of the survey. Viewers will be able to download, filter and map all submitted data. Think carefully who you want to grant access to this data. You certainly may not want to allow Everyone to access this data. Keep it safe.
A key aspect to make your Voluntary Camera Registration campaign successful is to promote it within your community. Connect with people in your organization to find the most appropriate way to present your registration form. Using links provided in the Collaborate tab, you can:
All data submitted through your form will be kept secure in ArcGIS Online (or your own ArcGIS Enterprise organization if you happen to run on ArcGIS Enterprise). I am not a big fan of exporting data out into Microsoft Excel or other formats because the export output becomes obsolete as soon as someone adds a new record. Having copies of the data proliferate can also become an issue. Whenever possible, it is best to have everyone work against a single source.
You can use the Survey123 website to visualize, analyze and curate all data submitted. The Data and Analyze tabs within the Survey123 website are pretty easy to use, yet powerful.
I will emphasize here that you can not only view, but also curate all submitted data from the Data tab of your survey in the Survey123 website. All records submitted can be updated and deleted right from the table and individual response dialogs within the Data tab.
We did not talk much about the Analyze tab in this article, but you will find more info in the https://community.esri.com/groups/survey123/blog/2016/09/14/understanding-your-results-with-the-anal... post.
You can also use other tools within ArcGIS to look, analyze and curate your data. ArcGIS Pro, Web AppBuilder, etc are great examples. All data in Survey123 resides in a standard ArcGIS Feature Layer, so anything you can do with a Feature Layer, you can also do to Survey123 data.
I hope the above was easy to follow. If you have additional questions or feedback, do not hesitate adding your comments below. Thanks!
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