I searched through the docs ad I found that and ArcGIS Desktop Advanced licence includes :
the license levels are the same in both.. https://www.esri.com/en-us/store/arcgis-desktop
A clip from the page Dan linked to (bold added)
So what that means is, yes,you get the same products, but if you buy the STANDARD you would get the equivalent STANDARD tools. There are somethings that you can only do with advanced, so it just depends on if you need those tools or not. In their short list "...advanced analysis, high-end cartography, and extensive database management.". But to know for sure, if you look at the help docs for the tools you would normally use, at the bottom of the help page they typically list the level that you would need.