I have a set of environmental variables (slope, aspect, vegetation, landforms, etc.) in raster format. I would like to evaluate if the distribution of each variable is comparable across rasters created by two different polygons. Basically, I am doing some analyses on a sample of a larger area/raster, and want to make sure that the environmental variables are representative of the larger area.
It's been suggested that I try to export the attribute tables for each raster clipped to each polygon and look at the data in excel, which means a lot of work. Is there a way to do this in ArcGIS - something like a difference of means t-test that compares the distribution of a single variable across two rasters?