I, along with a million or so developers use Visual Studio as our primary tool for web app development.
I first created a VS project and then added files from https://github.com/jwasilgeo/angular-esri-playground. Jacob's playground works perfectly. My VS project loads the index.html, but fails when trying to show the map.
My project can be found at https://github.com/CraigAP/Angular2MapStart.
It would be enormously helpful to VS developers to have a project template that works for these new frameworks. I'm hoping someone else can use this as a starting point and find how to make it work.