FieldMap: Error in adding input field to field map

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02-13-2019 03:56 PM
AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II

Here is my code:

 

I keep getting the error: "FieldMap: Error in adding input field to field map." This is my first time using field mapping, and I'm a little confused.

 

point="T:/GIS/Projects/GIS/WorkOrderTools/MapDocuments/WorkOrderTesting/Default.gdb/WO"+workOrder+"/point"
consumer="C:/Users/azumwalt.UECOOP/AppData/Roaming/ESRI/Desktop10.4/ArcCatalog/ElectricModel - azumwalt.sde/consumer"

fm_mapname = arcpy.FieldMap()
fm_phasing = arcpy.FieldMap()
fms = arcpy.FieldMappings()

fm_mapname.addInputField(point, "WMMAPNAME")
fm_phasing.addInputField(point, "WMPHASING")

type_mapname = fm_mapname.outputField
type_mapname.name = "esMapName"
fm_mapname.outputField = type_mapname

type_phasing = fm_phasing.outputField
type_phasing.name = "esPhasing"
fm_phasing.outputField = type_phasing

fms.addFieldMap(fm_mapname)
fms.addFieldMap(fm_phasing)

arcpy.Append_management(point, consumer, "", fms, "1")‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍
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AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II
import arcpy

# Work Order Number
workOrder = "1103612"

# Name the Append and Target Layer (target layer is named in the ArcGIS Pro Map)
append_layer="T:/GIS/Projects/GIS/WorkOrderTools/MapDocuments/WorkOrderTesting/Default.gdb/WO"+workOrder+"/point"
target_layer="Consumer_SQL02"

fieldmappings = arcpy.FieldMappings()

# Like when you manually choose a layer in the toolbox and it adds the fields to grid
fieldmappings.addTable(target_layer)
fieldmappings.addTable(append_layer)

# Lets map fields that have different names!
list_of_fields_we_will_map = []

# list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(( append layer field name, target layer field name)
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esMapName', 'WMMAPNAME'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esPhasing', 'WMPHASING'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esUplineFeeder', 'FEEDER'))
for field_map in list_of_fields_we_will_map:
    # Find the fields index by name.
    field_to_map_index = fieldmappings.findFieldMapIndex(field_map[0])
    # Grab "A copy" of the current field map object for this particular field
    field_to_map = fieldmappings.getFieldMap(field_to_map_index)
    # Update its data source to add the input from the the append layer
    field_to_map.addInputField(append_layer, field_map[1])
    # We edited a copy, update our data grid object with it
    fieldmappings.replaceFieldMap(field_to_map_index, field_to_map)

# Create a list of append datasets and run the the tool - the "1" at the end is for the subtype.
inData = [append_layer]
arcpy.Append_management(inData, target_layer, "NO_TEST", fieldmappings, "1")

So, after changing my code completely, it turns out I had my field names reversed, needed to add "1" as subtype to the Append_management tool, then it worked! I also finally figured out how to post code using the advanced editor button. 

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9 Replies
CCWeedcontrol
Regular Contributor

I had a hard time understanding field mapping until someone posted a code.

I use the code below and works great.

import arcpy,sys
from datetime import datetime as d
startTime = d.now()
start_time = time.time()


PT1 = "C:/Temp/Scratchworkspace.gdb/Drain"

FieldMapString = '''
DXF_TEXT "DXF_TEXT" true true false 11 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, DXF_TEXT,-1,-1;
ACCOUNT "ACCOUNT" true true false 11 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, ACCOUNT,-1,-1;
PIN "PIN" true true false 13 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, PIN,-1,-1;
ACRES "ACRES" true true false 4 Double 0 0  ,First,#, {0}, ACRES,-1,-1;
Instrument "Instrument" true true false 10 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, Instrument,-1,-1;
SiteAddres "SiteAddres" true true false 106 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, SiteAddres,-1,-1;
SiteCity "SiteCity" true true false 32 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, SiteZip,-1,-1;
SiteZip "SiteZip" true true false 10 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, SiteZip,-1,-1
'''
def Layers1(PT1):
    """pass the variable and the constant into
    the function
    """
    fieldmappings = arcpy.FieldMappings()
    fieldmappings.loadFromString(FieldMapString)
    return fieldmappings

def main(args=None):
        if args is None:
                args = sys.argv

# Process: Feature Class to Feature Class
arcpy.Append_management(PT1, "C:\Temp\Scratchworkspace.gdb\PT_ALL","NO_TEST", Layers1(PT1))

try:
    print ('(Elapsed time: ' + str(d.now() - startTime)[:-3] + ')')

except Exception as e:
    # If an error occurred, print line number and error message
    import traceback, sys
    tb = sys.exc_info()[2]
    print ("Line %i" % tb.tb_lineno)
    print (e.message)
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AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II

Thanks! Can you tell me what each field is for in this string?

DXF_TEXT "DXF_TEXT" true true false 11 Text 0 0 ,First,#, {0}, DXF_TEXT,-1,-1;
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CCWeedcontrol
Regular Contributor

I am not sure what all of it means but these are the ones i believe to know and i could be wrong. Maybe and hopefully someone else can answer what i am missing.

Dan Patterson helped me update my field mapping, i had an older version of it. Maybe he can shine some light...

Name = DXF_TEXT

Alias = DXF_TEXT

True = Editable

True = Non Editable

False = required

Length = 11

scale = 0

Precision = 0

Merge rule = First

join Delimiter = # (meaning ' ' , Null string)

? = {0}

Data source field = DXF_TEXT

? = -1

? = -1

RandyBurton
MVP Regular Contributor

I think the second "True" (where you have non-editable) is actually "nullable", and the last 2 items (both -1) is the start text and end text positions.

See also:

Field Map

Field Mappings

Mapping input fields to output fields

AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II

Thanks! So is this a list of fields for the data being appended, or the data that's being added to?

I found this, which looked easy to understand: Append Tool and Field Mapping ... Help? Examples?  But my code is breaking when I go to

field_to_map.addInputField(append_layer, field_map[1])

I think I'm pretty close...any ideas?

# Delete this line
workOrder = "1103612"

append_layer="T:/GIS/Projects/GIS/WorkOrderTools/MapDocuments/WorkOrderTesting/Default.gdb/WO"+workOrder+"/point"
target_layer="T:/GIS/Projects/GIS/WorkOrderTools/MapDocuments/WorkOrderTesting/ElectricModel - azumwalt.sde/ElectricModel.DBO.UEC/ElectricModel.DBO.Consumer"

fieldmappings = arcpy.FieldMappings()

# Like when you manually choose a layer in the toolbox and it adds the fields to grid
fieldmappings.addTable(target_layer)
fieldmappings.addTable(append_layer)

# Lets map fields that have different names!
list_of_fields_we_will_map = []

# Lets chuck some tuples into the list we made
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('WMMAPNAME', 'esMapName'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('WMPHASING', 'esPhasing'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('FEEDER', 'esUplineFeeder'))

for field_map in list_of_fields_we_will_map:
    # Find the fields index by name. e.g 'TaxPin'
    field_to_map_index = fieldmappings.findFieldMapIndex(field_map[0])
    # Grab "A copy" of the current field map object for this particular field
    field_to_map = fieldmappings.getFieldMap(field_to_map_index)
    # Update its data source to add the input from the the append layer
    #(THIS IS WHERE MY CODE BREAKS RuntimeError: FieldMap: Error in adding input field to field map)
    field_to_map.addInputField(append_layer, field_map[1])
    # We edited a copy, update our data grid object with it
    fieldmappings.replaceFieldMap(field_to_map_index, field_to_map)

# Create a list of append datasets and run the the tool
inData = [append_layer]
arcpy.Append_management(inData, target_layer, "NO_TEST", fieldmappings)
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AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II
import arcpy

# Work Order Number
workOrder = "1103612"

# Name the Append and Target Layer (target layer is named in the ArcGIS Pro Map)
append_layer="T:/GIS/Projects/GIS/WorkOrderTools/MapDocuments/WorkOrderTesting/Default.gdb/WO"+workOrder+"/point"
target_layer="Consumer_SQL02"

fieldmappings = arcpy.FieldMappings()

# Like when you manually choose a layer in the toolbox and it adds the fields to grid
fieldmappings.addTable(target_layer)
fieldmappings.addTable(append_layer)

# Lets map fields that have different names!
list_of_fields_we_will_map = []

# list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(( append layer field name, target layer field name)
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esMapName', 'WMMAPNAME'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esPhasing', 'WMPHASING'))
list_of_fields_we_will_map.append(('esUplineFeeder', 'FEEDER'))
for field_map in list_of_fields_we_will_map:
    # Find the fields index by name.
    field_to_map_index = fieldmappings.findFieldMapIndex(field_map[0])
    # Grab "A copy" of the current field map object for this particular field
    field_to_map = fieldmappings.getFieldMap(field_to_map_index)
    # Update its data source to add the input from the the append layer
    field_to_map.addInputField(append_layer, field_map[1])
    # We edited a copy, update our data grid object with it
    fieldmappings.replaceFieldMap(field_to_map_index, field_to_map)

# Create a list of append datasets and run the the tool - the "1" at the end is for the subtype.
inData = [append_layer]
arcpy.Append_management(inData, target_layer, "NO_TEST", fieldmappings, "1")

So, after changing my code completely, it turns out I had my field names reversed, needed to add "1" as subtype to the Append_management tool, then it worked! I also finally figured out how to post code using the advanced editor button. 

OhtoNygren
New Contributor

Thank you so much for this! Solved my problem after about 2 months of trying thanks to this code!

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RandyBurton
MVP Regular Contributor

As an alternative to field mapping (and for future reference), look at Xander Bakker‌'s code near the bottom of this thread: FieldMap and FieldMappings arrgh....

AdelaideZumwalt1
Occasional Contributor II

Haha I like the title. I'll have to try that, it looks simpler. Thanks!

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