What is the difference between the different point distance and near tools?

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12-12-2011 08:54 AM
TimothieBiggs
New Contributor II
Can anyone tell me if I have the correct understanding of the differences between the following tools/techniques:

1) Join point to point using distance option = reports on the single nearest feature.
2) Point Distance = reports distance for all features within radius.
3) Near = as per 2 but reports additional attributes (x,y and angle).
4) Generate Near Table = as per 3 but generates result in new table.

Also is there a simple way to generate a set of lines using the origin point and the x,y (and angle if needed) attributes of the nearest point?

Thanks
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TimothieBiggs
New Contributor II
OK so after a little experimentation here is a revision of the summary above:

A) Spatial Join - point to point using distance option = reports on the single nearest feature
OUTPUT = new feature class

B) Near = reports on the single nearest feature (with additional attributes x,y and angle)
OUTPUT = appended to input feature class

C) Point Distance = reports on all points within the specified distance.
OUTPUT = new table

D) Generate Near Table = reports on the specified number of points within the specified distance (with additional attributes x,y and angle)
OUTPUT = new table
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