Is there a way to calculate the roundness of a polygon?

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05-03-2018 06:03 AM
MarlaJohnson
New Contributor II

Is there a way to calculate the roundness of a polygon?

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3 Replies
XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

There is an interesting discussion here: vector - Calculating roundness/compactness of polygon? - Geographic Information Systems Stack Exchan...  and some more background here: Roundness (object) - Wikipedia .

Is that what you are looking for?

DanPatterson_Retired
MVP Esteemed Contributor

'circularity'  various definitions: aka roundness

You can calculate some of the volume properties using

Bounding Containers ArcMap has an equivalent toolset  (ie convex hull, MABE, aligned rectangle, minimum area circle)

Minimum Area Bounding Ellipse

Concave Hull  The ratio of the convex hull to the concave hull is often a measure of container tortuosity.

XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

An example of what you get when  you execute this field calculation using the Python parser:

4 * math.pi * !SHAPE_Area!  / !SHAPE_Length!**2