Geotransformation is not valid

05-24-2014 09:33 AM
Occasional Contributor
Hi All,

I'm trying to find the area of my Denver, Colorado polygons in kilometers (km) and I think my data is in Decimal Degrees, so I need to project it before using calculate field to calculate the area. 

My data properties say the following:
Data Type: Shapefile Feature Class
Shapefile: C:\foo.shp
Geometry Type: Polygon
Coordinates have Z values: No
Coordinates have measures: No

Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_WGS_1984
Datum:  D_WGS_1984
Prime Meridian:  Greenwich
Angular Unit:  Degree

My specific questions are:

  1. I think this means my data is in decimal degrees and I need to project it to get an accurate area measure in km.  Does this sound correct?

  2. I believe an appropriate coordinate system would be:

  3. NAD_1983_HARN_StatePlane_Colorado_Central_FIPS_0502_Feet

    My source of coordinate system selection is from here:
    Does this sound correct?

  4. The project tool requires a coordinate system transformation and I selected NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_5.  Does this sound correct? 

  5. I based this selection on this source:

    which says:
    HowTo: Determine which NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984 transformation to use--
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_1 �?? for the entire North American continent.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_2 �?? for the Aleutian islands.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_3 �?? for Hawai�??i.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_4 �?? superseded by _5; this transformation method should no longer be used!
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_5 �?? for the 48 contiguous United States.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_6 �?? for the Canadian province of Quebec.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_7 �?? for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
    NAD_1983_To_WGS_1984_8 �?? for the Canadian province of Alberta.

  6. I get an error when I run the Project (Data Management) tool. 
    Here's a picture of how I filled in the Project GUI:
    This is the error I get:
    ERROR 000151: The geotransformation(s) is not valid.  Failed to execute (Project). 
    Any ideas why this may be happening?

Thank you for your help!
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Occasional Contributor
Oops-- I got rid of the error by switching to


instead of


So you can ignore question #4.  However my first three questions still remain. 

Thanks again.
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