Dear Mr. Patterson,
The files are in the same coordinate system. In fact, I have created one of these shapefiles from the other one. There is no error message at all, the program abruptly closes. I have later tried to use the tool on a different set of shapefiles, also with same coordinate system , only to witness the crash once again with no warning.
You will have to show the parameters you are specifying as inputs and outputs to the tool, since it appears to be with your settings if it happens with other datasets. Screen grabs would be useful
Mr. Patterson, thank you so much for taking the time to help me sir.
I have tried everything you suggested with no success. However, I have made another startling discovery! This problem of crashing is not just with the 'Generate Near Table' tool but with every other tool in the Arc Toolbox! Do you have any idea why something like this might happen sir? Also, the search feature in ArcMAp is unresponsive.
Update: I was able to partially fix this problem by unchecking the 'enable background processing' option in the 'Geo-processing Options'. I can now use the Arc Toolbox without crashing the program. However, the search feature still does not work. When I click on the search button nothing happens at all.
This is an old post, but I came across the same problem of ArcMap crashing with the Near tool. I found the solution....The features need to be different types of feature classes or else the Near tool will crash. For Instance, you need to use a point and a line, or a line and a polygon, etc....