Assign polygon feature to closest point feature

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04-22-2016 12:55 AM
JuliusHelfer
New Contributor

I have a point feature class which represents climate stations and I have a polygon feature class for counties. To determine which climate station fits best to a county I would like to know for every polygon what point is the nearest. Does someone has an idea which tool I can use or another method to solve this problem?

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JayantaPoddar
MVP Esteemed Contributor

Also

You could start with converting County polygons to points Feature To Point—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Then use Near tool between  the County points and Climate Stations Near—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop .



Think Location

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DanPatterson_Retired
MVP Esteemed Contributor

PS moving to Geoprocessing​ out of the general void

for your reference GeoNet Community Structure

without seeing your map there are a number of options... not an exhaustive list but..

Spatial Join—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop all license levels

Near—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop  advanced

Generate Near Table—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop advanced

and even some of the overlay tools may give you what you want (ie intersect)

An overview of the Overlay tools—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

JayantaPoddar
MVP Esteemed Contributor

Also

You could start with converting County polygons to points Feature To Point—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Then use Near tool between  the County points and Climate Stations Near—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop .



Think Location