Hi, I love this shapefile for population density for US from esri documents below but it has restrictions not allowing to use it as data but merely a view. Has anyone got this file without such restrictions? Or any alternative shapefile for population density like this? Anybody knows the ways to reproduce similar shapefile, otherwise? I actually need it for New York State only. Thanks.
Short of finding an appropriate boundary file and obtaining the census data from government sources, you will just have to search the web. I found some for new York city but they are in final form and not in raw data.
PS you can get density, by projecting the boundary file to a statewide appropriate projection and taking the population for each unit and dividing by the shape_area field and scaling up so that you get an appropriate representation like population/sq km or similar units.
Have you tried looking at the US Census Bureau's TIGER line data? I know there are a lot of population tract polygons but I am not sure on the density. It might take a little bit of digging:
(1) You can get the geography data from the census bureau's pages, visit https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger.html/ and look for block groups, and counties for New York. You can retrieve shapefiles or geodatabase layers from that resource.
[Edited to add this correction: visit Geography - U.S. Census Bureau for shapefiles and geodatabase content]
(2) I would recommend the American Communities Survey (ACS) data if you want recent data you can cite (at this date probably the July 1st estimates for 2014, I have not checked to see if the 2015 estimates are available as yet)--unless there is a requirement that you use PL data from the 2010 census. Both are available from the census bureau's web site, http://factfinder2.census.gov. A guided search will have you find county-level population estimates in a first step and in a second step, allocation to "All counties ["within New York" in this case].
Retrieve the result table and working in ArcMap or ArcGIS Pro, join it to your shapefile (I would recommend file-based geodatabase as a more robust option for storing the counties or block groups). In rendering the map you can normalize total population by area to produce an up-to-date map. This approach involves a little work, but avoids the vagaries of looking for a prepared dataset or map, which may be out-of-date or based on data other than census 2010 or the 2014 July 1st estimates.
-caminante (Austin, Texas)