In ArcMap, one can split a polygon using an overlapping feature (Advanced Editing--Split Polygons). Looking at the editing options in ArcGIS Pro, I cannot find this functionality (though there is a split tool, which would allow me to do it manually. In many instances, this is not a viable option for me).
Am I overlooking this functionality or does it currently not exist in Pro?
Splitting based on an existing feature isn't in Pro yet. ArcGIS Pro 2.2 to be released this summer will add split functionality in terms of splitting proportionally and by length. Splitting by existing features will probably come in the following release (2.3).
From Splitting a polygon by an overlapping feature—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop I am specifically looking for
With Modify Features-Divide-Split tool, I can split by feature which is great, but I am having to interactively select the target. I love that I can go into the dialog with my input features already selected, but I guess I just appreciated that desktop knew what I wanted to be my target because that was my edit feature. Still, I would never want to go back to having to chose my editing workspace!