I am building a network with bus lines (about 200 lines). I have 2 layers: 1 containing bus routes and 1 containing bus stops. I would like to achieve is a network which route cost by travel time and no penalty (additional cost) when route across busstop without change busline(busnumber) and have a penalty 10 minutes (additional cost) when route change busline on bus stops, like on attachment picture. how it create in Network Dataset?
You can build a bus route if you have starting and ending point of the route and the busstops along the routes. To do this you need to make a list of node IDs (Start Node ID ....... intermediate nodes IDs ....... End Node ID) and have a field in all those nodes that is a route name. Then you can use the route tool. detailed procedure is available in tutorial.
For bus I think that you also have schedulate time stop in stop bus so you also could use custom evaluator kind this: http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=72ef24542857413c8981f2e196f1bb13