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# ArcGIS Pro 3.1.0: What is the python code for the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR)?

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08-21-2023 11:44 AM
Legendary Contributor

ArcGIS Pro 3.1.0: What is the python code for the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR)?

In the screenshot below, I couldn’t figure out how to obtain the python code for the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) by which the dependent variable (y) can be expected based on the independent variables (x1, x2, x3, x4) considering the location of each observations where u column represents the x – coordinate and v column represents the y – coordinate

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Jamal Numan
Geomolg Geoportal for Spatial Information
Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine
7 Replies
MVP Esteemed Contributor

C:\... install folder ...\Resources\ArcToolBox\toolboxes\Spatial Statistics Tools.tbx\toolbox.module.py

line 3619 :  contains the class GeographicallyWeightedRegression description

line 3864:   conts the class GWR

you can follow the various imports fromtthat module

... sort of retired...
Legendary Contributor

Not sure how can I can take the advantage of this python code to stick it in JupyterLab in order to apply the analysis

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Jamal Numan
Geomolg Geoportal for Spatial Information
Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine
MVP Esteemed Contributor

For JupyterLab?

you would have to provide all the input variables into this expression

``````ARCPY.GeographicallyWeightedRegression_analysis(
in_features, dependent_field, explanatory_field, out_feature,
kernel_type, band_width, distance, nn, weight_field, crw,
anaCellSize, in_pred, pred_field, out_pred)``````

I don't think that is what you want

... sort of retired...
Legendary Contributor

I used the ChatGPT in order to get the python code for the GWR as per the request below

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Write a python code to read the table saved here:

"C:\D\H3.xlsx"

Write a python code to predict the value of the dependent variable based on the geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) displaying how the weights of neighbouring observations are used to calculate the prediction of the focal observation

The first 4 columns are the independent variables

The fifth column is the dependent variable

The u column represents the x-coordinate

The v column represents the y coordinate

Use the Gaussian as the kernel function

Assume the bandwidth to be 400 meters

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The ChatGPT provided the code below:

--------

import pandas as pd

import numpy as np

from spreg import GWR

# Load the data from the Excel file

file_path = r'C:\D\H3.xlsx'

# Define the independent variables (X1, X2, X3, X4)

X = data[['X1', 'X2', 'X3', 'X4']].values

# Define the dependent variable (y)

y = data['y'].values

# Define the coordinates (u and v)

u = data['u'].values

v = data['v'].values

# Define the bandwidth for the Gaussian kernel

bandwidth = 400  # meters

# Create a spatial weights matrix based on Gaussian kernel

distances = np.sqrt((u[:, np.newaxis] - u)**2 + (v[:, np.newaxis] - v)**2)

kernel_weights = np.exp(-distances**2 / (2 * bandwidth**2))

# Create a GWR model

model = GWR(y, X, kernel_weights)

# Fit the GWR model

results = model.fit()

# Predict the values of the dependent variable

predicted_values = results.predict(X)

# You can now use predicted_values for your predictions

print(predicted_values)

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However, running this code on the JupyterLab ends up with an error as below

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Jamal Numan
Geomolg Geoportal for Spatial Information
Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine
MVP Esteemed Contributor

spreg isn't an available package

You can do the same if you examine the code I referenced earlier

... sort of retired...
Legendary Contributor

I have little knowledge in coding. All what I wanted is a python code for the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) that can work in Jupyter or Spyder

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Jamal Numan
Geomolg Geoportal for Spatial Information
Ramallah, West Bank, Palestine
Legendary Contributor

https://developers.arcgis.com/geoanalytics/tools/gwr/