I need to find a way to know if a project was created close to a protected area. In this case there are 2 polygon layers one for projects and another for protected areas
How can I find for a selected project (polygon) the closest protected area (polygon) and calculate the distance between both polygons? Also the project could be inside a protected area.
Generate Near Table—Help | ArcGIS Desktop
polygons inside other polygons will require attention as indicated in the help,
You could convert the polygons to polylines or points first to explore other options