Is it possible to publish the feature service from a local file geodatabase without publishing from and Enterprise geodatabase such as oracle with arcsde supported. I am willing to copy my data to ArcGIS Server, and then do all my editing on that server. Time is also not a issue right now. Any help would be highly appreciated.
An enterprise geodatabase is required for a feature service. See the requirements in the below link:
What is a feature service?—Documentation | ArcGIS for Server
A workaround you could use is to publish the data to ArcGIS Online as a feature service.