The is undoubtedly user error, but I am stuck. I have a bookmark map series set in my layout. The each page is named by state name. I set a page query on a layer with state name values, and it is being completely ignored. I've tried other tables as well and they don't seem to have any connection to the map series pages at all.
Is there a "turn on page query" button or something?
That is correct - page query does not work with bookmark map series since the bookmark does not currently have data that can be queried against. Perhaps in the future bookmark information such as title and description, or a new attribute(?) can be queried against.