Since raster catalogs are no longer a thing in ArcGIS Pro, and we are being pushed towards using mosaic datasets, one of the useful things about raster catalogs was being able to do page definition queries with data driven pages in ArcMap. The equivalent in ArcGIS Pro would be doing page queries in map series with Mosaic Datasets. This functionality is not available with Mosaic Datasets.
Quite often we work on environmental remediation projects where we do several hundred raster interpolations at the same location and then create a mapbook of those rasters. Easily done in ArcMap using a raster catalog, data driven pages and page definition queries. To my knowledge, this cannot be done in ArcGIS Pro using mosaic datasets.