Convert polygon outlines into points

7925
13
Jump to solution
12-26-2014 04:53 PM
SiyangTeo
Occasional Contributor

Hi,

Is there anyway to convert polygon outlines into points, preferably with the ability to decide the gap of each point to be placed (just like the "construct points" from lines tool)?

The purpose is for creating service areas around polygons in Network Analyst. Or if there is another method of doing this besides the conversion do let me know!

I am using ArcGIS 10.2.2.

Thanks!

0 Kudos
1 Solution

Accepted Solutions
XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

To create points on the outline of a polygon with a defined interval, you could use some Python code:

import arcpy

fc_in = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Polygon"
fc_out = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Points"
interval = 50

pnts = []
with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc_in, ("SHAPE@")) as curs:
    for row in curs:
        polygon = row[0]
        outline = polygon.boundary()
        d = 0
        while d < outline.length:
            pnt = outline.positionAlongLine(d, False)
            pnts.append(pnt)
            d += interval

    arcpy.CopyFeatures_management(pnts, fc_out)

Change the path to input (polygon) and output (points) featureclass on line 3 and 4. Specify the interval of locating points on the outline on line 5 and run the code...

View solution in original post

13 Replies
XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

To create points on the outline of a polygon with a defined interval, you could use some Python code:

import arcpy

fc_in = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Polygon"
fc_out = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Points"
interval = 50

pnts = []
with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc_in, ("SHAPE@")) as curs:
    for row in curs:
        polygon = row[0]
        outline = polygon.boundary()
        d = 0
        while d < outline.length:
            pnt = outline.positionAlongLine(d, False)
            pnts.append(pnt)
            d += interval

    arcpy.CopyFeatures_management(pnts, fc_out)

Change the path to input (polygon) and output (points) featureclass on line 3 and 4. Specify the interval of locating points on the outline on line 5 and run the code...

SiyangTeo
Occasional Contributor

Thanks!

It works just fine! Appreciate the help.

0 Kudos
JamesMitchell
New Contributor II

Hi,

Thank you for this script. It works perfectly.

Is there a way i can add an attribute value from the original line to the associated points that are created? I would like to be able to see which points are on each line in a multiple feature featureclass.

Many thanks for any suggestions.

James

0 Kudos
XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

I think it would be something like this (did not test it though):

import arcpy
import os

fc_in = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Polygon"
fc_out = r"C:\Forum\test.gdb\Points"
interval = 50
fld_in = "TheNameOfTheFieldYourWantToIncludeInYourOutput"

# determine the input spatial reference
sr = arcpy.Describe(fc_in).spatialReference

# create the empty output featureclass
fc_ws, fc_name = os.path.split(fc_out)
arcpy.CreateFeatureclass_management(fc_ws, fc_name, "POINT", spatial_reference=sr)

# add the field to the output
fld = arcpy.ListFields(fc_in, wild_card=fld_in)[0]
arcpy.AddField_management(fc_out, fld_in, fld.type, fld.precision, fld.scale, fld.length)

# start output cursor
with arcpy.da.InsertCursor(fc_out, ("SHAPE@", fld_in)) as curs_out:
    with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc_in, ("SHAPE@", fld_in)) as curs_in:
        for row_in in curs_in:
            polygon = row_in[0]
            outline = polygon.boundary()
            value = row_in[1]
            d = 0
            while d < outline.length:
                pnt = outline.positionAlongLine(d, False)
                curs_out.insertRow((pnt, value, ))
                d += interval
0 Kudos
Yaron_YosefCohen
Occasional Contributor II

helo, i get en error:

with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc_in, ("SHAPE@")) as curs:

AttributeError: 'module' object has no attribute 'da'

what wrong?

0 Kudos
SiyangTeo
Occasional Contributor

Hi YYC,

I read that the da module only works in version 10.1 onwards. Could it be that you are using a lower version?

See

arcgis 10.1 - What causes AttributeError: 'module' object has no attribute 'da'? - Geographic Inform...

0 Kudos
Yaron_YosefCohen
Occasional Contributor II

hi

i work on arcmap 10.3.

since i run your script (didnt worked out) i gen en error message and no other script can run at all:

Traceback (most recent call last😞

  File "C:\yaron\shonot\software\gis\tools\YARON_SCRIPTS\ExportToJPG.py", line 2, in <module>

    import arcpy,os,sys,string

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\__init__.py", line 24, in <module>

    from arcpy.toolbox import *

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\toolbox.py", line 15, in <module>

    from .ddd import ASCII3DToFeatureClass as ASCII3DToFeatureClass_3d

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\ddd.py", line 23, in <module>

    from arcpy.arcobjects.arcobjectconversion import convertArcObjectToPythonObject

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\arcobjects\__init__.py", line 19, in <module>

    arcobjectconversion.initialize_conversion_mapping()

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\arcobjects\arcobjectconversion.py", line 26, in initialize_conversion_mapping

    from .._mapping import MapDocument, PageLayout, DataFrame, DataFrameTime, DataDrivenPages, \

  File "C:\Program Files (x86)\ArcGIS\Desktop10.3\ArcPy\arcpy\_mapping.py", line 8, in <module>

    with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc_in, ("SHAPE@")) as curs:

AttributeError: 'module' object has no attribute 'da'

can you help me please?

0 Kudos
XanderBakker
Esri Esteemed Contributor

I don't think the script I posted can have this effect on your behavior of arcpy modules in ArcGIS 10.3. Are you sure nothing else happened at your system? Did you perhaps install ArcGIS Pro and python 3.4? There might be something wrong with the definition of your paths.

0 Kudos
GastonIzaguirre
New Contributor III

Hi,

I need to solve a similar problem, but not only for polygon features but also for line features.

Is there any way to implement this useful script in ArcGIS 10.0, which lacks the arcpy.da module (Data Access Module)?

Thank you in advance.

Regards,

Gaston.

0 Kudos