Lake bathymetry from points - how to contain the surface

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11-05-2019 04:00 PM
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New Contributor III

I am working on organizing and cleaning some lake bathymetry measurements.  In my data sets, the lake boundaries were digitized, and the vertices of the boundaries were used as points where the depth value was zero.  Those points were combined with the actual depth measurements, and a bathymetry surface was generated using Spatial Analyst>Interpolation>Natural neighbor.  In general this worked well, however, in some areas where the slope of the lake bottom was steep, or the lake boundary was complex, the generated surface spills over the lake boundary, and the contour lines generated from the bathymetry surface go over the lake boundary, or obliterate an island.

I am looking for a better method.  

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MVP Esteemed Contributor

did you try to densify the points along the lake boundary to effectively increase the number of 0 elevation points

You may have to clip the resultant contours to get what you want in any event

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New Contributor III

Yes, the points on the lake boundary were densified to about 2 meters.

I looked at the instructions for Spatial Analyst>Interpolation> Natural Neighbor.    It recommends two steps I don't have in my data:

1) use a projected coordinate system

2) "First, create a TIN from your source data. Then, convert the resulting TIN to a raster with the TIN To Raster tool, using the Natural Neighbors option. This is particularly useful if you have breaklines or an irregularly shaped data area."

When was the last time you met a TIN?

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MVP Esteemed Contributor

How Natural Neighbor works—Help | ArcGIS Desktop 

Your data should be in a projected coordinate system for sure.

See this as well if it isn't

How the Cell Size Projection Method environment setting works—Geoprocessing | ArcGIS Desktop 

If you have the 3D analyst, then the Tin step would be useful for sure.

What is the distribution of the bathymetry points from which the interpolation was made would be another consideration.

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