Certification for Windows Server 2016 for ArcGIS 10.4.1 is new - the certification was only finalized and announced by Product Management last week. We're working to update the doc.
Thank you for the update. I know people who have installed ArcGIS Server 10.3 in Windows Server 2016 successfully (I didn't try it myself though).
Arie: Which steps are you stuck with in the given link? Installing ArcGIS for Server on one machine—Installation Guides (10.3 and 10.3.1) | ArcGIS for Serve... ?
Ensure you have enabled the required components of IIS and .NET 3.5 as well. Enabling IIS and required IIS components on Windows Server 2012/2012 R2—Installation Guides (10.3 an...
When you complete the software authorization, open a browser and navigate to https://localhost:6443/arcgis/manager.
Are you prompted to build your site? If not, do you get a message of some sort in the response?
I think c:\arcgisserver folder will get populated once the site is created. Can you open ArcGIS Server Manager manually by opening any of these URL on a web browser
or by navigating to Windows (Start Menu) > All Programs > ArcGIS > .... ArcGIS Server Manager (Manager)
Once you have successfully opened the Server Manager page, you should get the option of creating a new site.
OK, let's take a step back here.
Starting at 10.1, ArcGIS Server is a Java application that has web server components.
It does not install to IIS, so you wouldn't see an ArcGIS Application there in IIS quite yet.
There *is* a Web Adaptor component that can install to either IIS or to a J2EE server (sounds like you'll be using IIS).
When you install the web adaptor, you'll see that application installed into IIS.
Background: The web adaptor essentially acts as a proxy from your web server front end to the GIS Server back end - essentially, it proxies requests into https://yourwebserver.com:443 to the GIS Server at https://yourGISServer.com:6443 (or from https://yourwebserver.com to http://yourGISServer.com:6080)....
At this point, it's expected to not see an application for ArcGIS in IIS. Instead, you're running the GIS Server on HTTP ports - outside of IIS - , which is expected.
Please copy and paste the following into a browser running locally on the machine that the GIS Server was installed on:
By default, assuming everything installed correctly (which we're not sure about yet), you should see a page that asks you to create a new ArcGIS Server site.