Need Help Using a Custom Geocoding Service to Batch Geocode?

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09-13-2018 01:28 PM
ScottGeis1
New Contributor II

In NYS we have a custom ESRI geocoding service that can geocode to rooftop level accuracy, and I am trying to use it for batch geocoding in the ArcGIS API for Python.  However when I attempt to perform a batch_geocode operation I am not convinced the address is being sent to the NYS geocoding service rather than the ESRI universal geocoding service.  Here is my code:


In [1]:   # Import the necessary libraries

            from arcgis.gis import GIS
            from arcgis.geocoding import Geocoder, get_geocoders, batch_geocode, geocode

 

In [2]:   #Set custom ESRI geocoding service url to the NYS Geocoding Service

            nys_gcdr_url = 'Locators/Street_and_Address_Composite (GeocodeServer)  '

 

In [3]:   #Establish my connection to ArcGIS Online and set the preferred geocoder to the NYS geocoder

            gis = GIS("http://www.arcgis.com", "username", "password")

            esrinl_geocoder = Geocoder(nys_gcdr_url, gis)

            esrinl_geocoder

Out [3]:   <Geocoder                url:"https://gisservices.its.ny.gov/arcgis/rest/services/Locators/Street_and_Address_Composite/GeocodeSer...                r">

 

In [4]:   addresses = ["80 South Swan Street, Albany, NY, 12201",
                                 "10 B Airline Drive, Albany, NY, 12205",
                                 "800 North Pearl Street, Albany, NY, 12204",
                                 "5826 Fayetteville Rd, Durham, NC 27713"]

 

In [6]:     results = batch_geocode(addresses, esrinl_geocoder)

 

In [7]:      for result in results:
                     print("Score " + str(result['score']) + " : " + result['address'])

Out [7]: 

Score 99.52 : 80 S Swan St, Albany, New York, 12210

Score 100 : 10 Airline Dr, Albany, New York, 12205

Score 100 : 800 N Pearl St, Albany, New York, 12204

Score 100 : 5826 Fayetteville Rd, Durham, North Carolina, 27713
In [8]:       results[1]['location']

Out [8]:    {'x': -73.81899493299994, 'y': 42.73686765800005}

  

My issue...

 

From what I can gather, the gis = GIS() in Input [3]: establishes a connection to ArcGIS Online using my developer account credentials.  Even though I set the Geocoder to the NYS geocoder url with esrinl_geocoder, I’m wondering which geocoder is actually being used?  The results/scores I output in the code are higher than I expect them to be, for example I get a score of 95.0 when I run the first address against the NYS geocoder here (Find Address Candidates: (Locators/Street_and_Address_Composite) ).  Also the x,y for the address vary based on method: 

{'x': -73.81899493299994, 'y': 42.73686765800005} for ESRI Python and 
{'x': -73.81864764620448, 'y': 42.737130745418085} for NYS Geocoder

 

Lastly, the North Carolina address should not provide a match against the NYS geocoder (there are only NYS addresses in this geocoder), however it returns a score of 100 in Out [7].

 

So:

 

1) Does the batch_geocode operation default to the ESRI Geocoder despite the custom geocoder url being set with esrinl_geocoder?

 

2) Are there certain circumstances when this occurs, such as the ESRI geocoder kicks in when a match cannot be returned with the specified geocoder (e.g.; NC address)?

 

Thanks for any insight!

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ScottGeis1
New Contributor II

I found my error.  Thanks to the code documentation at Understanding geocoders | ArcGIS for Developers I found I had a missing component where I called the geocode function. The Code should be as follows...

 

In [1]:   # Import the necessary libraries

            from arcgis.gis import GIS
            from arcgis.geocoding import Geocoder, get_geocoders, batch_geocode, geocode

 

In [2]:   #Log into ArcGIS Online with user credentials

            gis = GIS("http://www.arcgis.com", "username", "password")

 

In [3]:   #Set custom ESRI geocoding service url to the NYS Geocoding Service

            nys_gcdr_url = "Locators/Street_and_Address_Composite (GeocodeServer) "

 

In [4]:   #Set esrinl_geocoder to the NYS geocoder

            esrinl_geocoder = Geocoder(nysGeocoderUrl, gis)

 

In [5]:   #Provide batch addresses

            addresses = ["80 South Swan Street, Albany, NY, 12201",
                                 "10 B Airline Drive, Albany, NY, 12205",
                                 "800 North Pearl Street, Albany, NY, 12204",
                                 "5826 Fayetteville Rd, Durham, NC 27713"]

 

In [6]:     #This is where I was missing code, I need to set the geocoder function to the esrinl_geocoder

               results = batch_geocode(addresses, geocoder = esrinl_geocoder)

               results

 

               #Now I see the results I was expecting with the NC address results empty

Out [6]: 

[{'address': '80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210',   'location': {'x': 601644.6007360676, 'y': 4723145.388080139},   'score': 95,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 0,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'M',    'Score': 95,    'Match_addr': '80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205',   'location': {'x': 596835.2465288276, 'y': 4732027.504390771},   'score': 100,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 1,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'M',    'Score': 100,    'Match_addr': '10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204',   'location': {'x': 603476.4214812117, 'y': 4726078.037474971},   'score': 100,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 2,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'T',    'Score': 100,    'Match_addr': '800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '',   'location': {'x': 'NaN', 'y': 'NaN'},   'score': 0,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 3,    'Loc_name': '',    'Status': 'U',    'Score': 0,    'Match_addr': '',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '',    'Addr_type': ''}}]

 

In [7]:      #Another way to visualize this

               for result in results:
                     print("Score " + str(result['score']) + " : " + result['address'])

         Score 95 : 80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210          Score 100 : 10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205          Score 100 : 800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204          Score 0 : 

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ScottGeis1
New Contributor II

I found my error.  Thanks to the code documentation at Understanding geocoders | ArcGIS for Developers I found I had a missing component where I called the geocode function. The Code should be as follows...

 

In [1]:   # Import the necessary libraries

            from arcgis.gis import GIS
            from arcgis.geocoding import Geocoder, get_geocoders, batch_geocode, geocode

 

In [2]:   #Log into ArcGIS Online with user credentials

            gis = GIS("http://www.arcgis.com", "username", "password")

 

In [3]:   #Set custom ESRI geocoding service url to the NYS Geocoding Service

            nys_gcdr_url = "Locators/Street_and_Address_Composite (GeocodeServer) "

 

In [4]:   #Set esrinl_geocoder to the NYS geocoder

            esrinl_geocoder = Geocoder(nysGeocoderUrl, gis)

 

In [5]:   #Provide batch addresses

            addresses = ["80 South Swan Street, Albany, NY, 12201",
                                 "10 B Airline Drive, Albany, NY, 12205",
                                 "800 North Pearl Street, Albany, NY, 12204",
                                 "5826 Fayetteville Rd, Durham, NC 27713"]

 

In [6]:     #This is where I was missing code, I need to set the geocoder function to the esrinl_geocoder

               results = batch_geocode(addresses, geocoder = esrinl_geocoder)

               results

 

               #Now I see the results I was expecting with the NC address results empty

Out [6]: 

[{'address': '80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210',   'location': {'x': 601644.6007360676, 'y': 4723145.388080139},   'score': 95,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 0,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'M',    'Score': 95,    'Match_addr': '80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205',   'location': {'x': 596835.2465288276, 'y': 4732027.504390771},   'score': 100,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 1,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'M',    'Score': 100,    'Match_addr': '10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204',   'location': {'x': 603476.4214812117, 'y': 4726078.037474971},   'score': 100,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 2,    'Loc_name': '1A_SAM_AP_ZipN',    'Status': 'T',    'Score': 100,    'Match_addr': '800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '1',    'Addr_type': 'StreetAddress'}},  {'address': '',   'location': {'x': 'NaN', 'y': 'NaN'},   'score': 0,   'attributes': {'ResultID': 3,    'Loc_name': '',    'Status': 'U',    'Score': 0,    'Match_addr': '',    'Side': '',    'SubAdd': '',    'User_fld': '',    'Addr_type': ''}}]

 

In [7]:      #Another way to visualize this

               for result in results:
                     print("Score " + str(result['score']) + " : " + result['address'])

         Score 95 : 80 S Swan St, Albany, NY, 12210          Score 100 : 10 B Airline Dr, Albany, NY, 12205          Score 100 : 800 N Pearl St, Albany, NY, 12204          Score 0 : 
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