I can accomplish this in ArcGIS Pro 2.4.2 in a file geodatabase:
I can create a multipatch feature from a 3D model as follows:
The issue is that when I try to do this from an Oracle Enterprise GDB, I get this error message:
Also, when I try to (import, export, edit from ArcMap 10.4.1 /AGP, load from AGP Catalog/ArcCatalog 10.4.1, Layer 3D to Feature Class, Append tool) multipatch features that were created in the file gdb (using the procedure described above) over to the Oracle gdb, they fail too which errors along the lines of:
ERROR 000224: Cannot insert features - Underlying DBMS error [ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [koklGetLocAndFlag1], , , , , , , , , , , ] [BASEMAP.TRUESCAPE_BUILDINGS]
Failed to execute (Append).
Here are some resources I googled: