I have a shapfile with simplified chinese characters. I added a *.cpg (cp936) and the data displayed correctly in ArcMap 10.2.2
However, when I copied the shapfile with *.cpg to another computer, which was ArcMap 10.1, the data was not showing properly.
Is it possible to use the codepage file in ArcMap 10.1?
There is at least one article on codepages in the knowledge base, perhaps there were some version changes, but you should have a look at this, sounds like it needs a conversion