I was wondering if i can put a password (User Level) in the ARC map editor? in which other users cant do editing and other users can only edit some geodatabase? or there is an other way around with this kind?
i havent tried the folder lock yet in our office since my data base in our server drive. synchronization is one good idea which i want to know how can we doit?
Replacing a FileGDB with users connected to it will be a challenge (they will have locks to the data). If you have a license for Standard or Advanced you could consider using SQL Express with ArcSDE. Find a comparison here: Types of geodatabases—ArcGIS Help | ArcGIS for Desktop
Maybe replication would be possible with SQL Express (?): Understanding distributed data—ArcGIS Help | ArcGIS for Desktop
How about a truncate and append operation of the feature class(es) in question overnight so no one is using either the source or replicated data source? In this way the users with read privileges would have access to data that is at most is 1 day old.