"Attempt to configure data store failed......Failed to configure tile cache data store". The error was returned from https://fully-qualified server name:2443/arcgis/datastoreadmin/configure.
The likely cause of this issue is configuration to a non-default drive such as e:\. The workaround would be to install on a default drive such as c:\.
It'd be even more helpful of ESRI to mention this in the install guidance...