I am working with a 16 Bit DEM that I received projected in NAD83 UTM 17N (which is appropriate and what I like to work with) with vertical units of 1m and a range of 64-1482m . Whenever I run the spatial analyst tool -> Curvature the returned outputs with value ranges of +/- 3.40282e+38. Further, there is no attribute table for the layers, nothing is rendered, and statistics cannot be computed. I have no problems running the same process in QGIS.
floating point rasters don't have tables
the scale values suggest you are relying on the symbology to assess the value ranges, which seems to be stretched
details of parameters in the tool might help
Ah I see now that the outputs are in floating point. The value ranges I provided are from the metadata for the layers. The symbology does not matter because regardless of what method you choose it finds no data to symbolize.
The raster extent and cell size would be useful information. Since curvature uses cell size in its calculation, errors there could easily account for your value ranges. Perhaps the coordinate system is not as reported.