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What is the best practices for deriving distance from features?

Question asked by Neobatz on Apr 30, 2020
Latest reply on Apr 30, 2020 by Dan_Patterson

Hi all,


I need to run new species distribution models that use ASCII layers of elevation, climate variables, and distances from important features using point data that is specific for each unique species.


In order to do this, I need to create a new set of polygons that are the distance from features.

Then these need to be transformed to ASCII layers.  It seemed not to be an issue with the older legacy ArcGis (ArcMap (9.X and 10.1X).


For distance to feature data I have shp files that are point data (known cave entrances), line features (rivers) and polygons (water bodies).  I need to create new shp files (or rasters?) that are meters from caves in 500 m increments from 0 to 5000 m, distances from rivers 0 m - 5000 m,  and same for water bodies.  I may need to expand this from 0 - 10,000 m.


I have tried to run the buffer tools to derive a new shp file for cave distances which works. However, Arc10.8 and Arc Pro crash when I try to do the same with the river distances and water bodies.


I have also tried using the Euclidean distance tool but that also does not seem to provide valid shp files.


Any suggestions?