Does this sample help? Feature layer extrusion | ArcGIS for Developers
What do you mean to publish as a service?
Then go load it？
In that example you skip steps 1. and 2. and instead use ShapefileFeatureTable to create a FeatureLayer, then follow steps 3., 4., and 5.
I want a three-dimensional model effec，Like the above effect，
No need for two-dimensional effect
Retrieving data ...