Would natural breaks (Jenks) be a good classification methods along with 3 classes for median income of census tracts? I'm still in the process of understanding which classification method is best for certain variables. Thanks!
a good understanding of an classification system depends upon a thorough knowledge of its distribution.
'Median' is just the middle in a sequence of numbers. It can be totally useless ( ie 1, 2, 3, 4, 10000) as can be the average. It would be best to produce a frequency histogram or better still a cumulative relative frequency CRF, distribution (ogive) to see the overall pattern.
Sometimes a 'trim mean' or 'trim median' is a better representation (ie cut of the upper and lower portion of a CRF, then calculate/determine the mean or median.
Once you have a sense of 'middle-ness' then you can focus on how to characterize spread.
Having said this, most people will just use what other people use with whatever classes appear as default.
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