I have a point and a polygon. I had to draw the shortest distance between the point and polygon. I used near_analysis with planar method to find the shortest point on the nearest point on the polygon. Planar method gave results as expected. Geodesic method is returning extremely strange results. Then XYtoLineManagement (which has Geodesic method as default) draws a straight line to the the nearest point on the polygon. I am very confused here. Its very unfortunate that arc doesnt provide Planar method in all tools. My area of work is very small and planar method is more than sufficient.