Esri is publishing documentation and scripts for automation of workflows for management and serving of a variety of types of image data. An overview of common workflow considerations appears as the first chapter in the Image Management Guidebook in the ArcGIS Help system.
The starting page for information regarding these Image Management Workflows is here.
A script specific for ingesting historical imagery from has been implemented in Python as a geoprocessing (GP) tool with associated configuration files, available for free download in ArcGIS Online (see this group with the historical imagery workflow script in this item.
This tool is based on MDCS (the Mosaic Dataset Configuration Script). MDCS automates the process of creating and configuring mosaic datasets, then populating them with data. MDCS uses detailed configuration files to encapsulate "best practices" for complete end-to-end processing of different image types.
This post will provide a starting point for users to share questions and answers regarding the workflow for historical imagery. If you have contributions to this discussion, please respond to this post. If you feel a need to begin a new post, please be sure to TAG the post with image_management, workflow, and MDCS so others may search for related posts.