# Summing areas within unique values via loops

Question asked by octaffle on Apr 14, 2015
Latest reply on Apr 14, 2015 by jamesfreddyc

This is less of a python question and more of a general logic question, I suppose.

I have a shapefile that represents the intersection of soil types and drainage boundaries.  I want to sum the total area of each soil type within each drainage boundary.  There are 4 soil types.  There are a potentially unlimited number of drainage areas.

Soil type (HSG) field: "GRIDCODE"

Drainage area field: "DA"

Area: "Area"

I have a code that extracts unique values from the drainage area field.  My problem is that I am not sure how to implement a loop sequence that iterates through each unique drainage value to find the instances of the soil types and sum the Area without manually coding each one. Earlier, I summed the areas of all the soil types with the following code:

```with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(SiteHSG, ["gridcode", "Area"]) as cursor:
# Initialize variables
SiteArea_A = 0.000
SiteArea_B = 0.000
SiteArea_C = 0.000
SiteArea_D = 0.000
# Calculate area for each HSG
for row in cursor:
if row[0] == 1:
SiteArea_A = SiteArea_A + row[1]
if row[0] == 2:
SiteArea_B = SiteArea_B + row[1]
if row[0] == 3:
SiteArea_C = SiteArea_C + row[1]
if row[0] == 4:
SiteArea_D = SiteArea_D + row[1]
```

I have no idea if there was a better way to calculate those areas or not and I have no problem using a similar code over and over, basically, but I do not know how to tell the computer that for each unique DA value, find soil type, and sum those soil types, then move on and search for the next unique DA value and iterate through the grid codes and sum the area. I am kind of thinking a "while" loop may be able to accomplish what I need, but then I am not really sure how to implement a while loop in this context.

I am kind of thinking of something like this so far:

```DAvalues = [row[0] for row in arcpy.da.SearchCursor(DAHSG, DAID)]
DAunique = set(DAvalues)
print(DAunique)
with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(DAHSG, ["DA", "gridcode", "Area"]) as cursor:
for row[0] == DAunique[0]
if row[1] == 1:
SiteArea_A = SiteArea_A + row[3]
if row[1] == 2:
SiteArea_B = SiteArea_B + row[3]
if row[1] == 3:
SiteArea_C = SiteArea_C + row[3]
if row[1] == 4:
SiteArea_D = SiteArea_D + row[3]

for row[0] == DAunique[1]
if row[1] == 1:
SiteArea_A = SiteArea_A + row[3]
if row[1] == 2:
SiteArea_B = SiteArea_B + row[3]
if row[1] == 3:
SiteArea_C = SiteArea_C + row[3]
if row[1] == 4:
SiteArea_D = SiteArea_D + row[3]
```

Etc.  I know there's a better way to do this than making a bunch of different for loops, especially because the number of unique values are unlimited.  It's impractical for me to code it this way but I'm not sure where to go.