This just happened for me on a GUID field stored in an SDE geodatabase using Oracle (Oracle 12). The geodatabase is version 10.4.1.
I was attempting to copy a feature class from SDE into a file geodatabase stored on a shared network. Any ideas?
We have seen this issue when GUID or GlobalID field is modified by third party application or have wrong type of value inserted/present. This said, your issue may or may not related to the mentioned data error. Still, it is worth a try.
Another option is to copy data in the same enterprise geodatabase with different name and set database trace to find out which objectid or feature has issue or data copy failed.