ArcGIS Runtime- C# - Click on a polyline and select it to change color

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09-17-2015 08:46 AM
MichaelSibilio
New Contributor

I'm playing with the ArcGIS runtime SDK for .NET.  I want to be able to generate multiple polylines in code, the be able to later select them in the map with a mouse click and change the colors.  Any idea how to accomplish this?

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ThadTilton
Esri Contributor

Hi Michael -

One way to accomplish this would be to display the lines as graphics. Unlike other types of layers, a GraphicsOverlay (or GraphicsLayer) will allow you to assign individual symbols to each graphic (as opposed to assigning a renderer for the entire layer, ie). You could perform a hit test on the graphics (on MapViewTapped, eg.) and update the symbol (color) for the line that the user selects.

Here's an example (including a button handler for creating the lines):

XAML:

<Grid>

<esri:MapView x:Name="MyMapView"

LayerLoaded="MyMapView_LayerLoaded">

        <esri:MapView.GraphicsOverlays>

            <esri:GraphicsOverlay ID="MyLineGraphics">

                <esri:GraphicsOverlay.Renderer>

                    <esri:SimpleRenderer>

                        <esri:SimpleLineSymbol Color="DarkGray" Width="2" Style="Dash"/>

                    </esri:SimpleRenderer>

                </esri:GraphicsOverlay.Renderer>

            </esri:GraphicsOverlay>

        </esri:MapView.GraphicsOverlays>

        <esri:Map>

            <esri:ArcGISTiledMapServiceLayer ID="Basemap"

ServiceUri="http://services.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Topo_Map/MapServer"/>

</esri:Map>

</esri:MapView>

    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Top">                   

        <Button x:Name="AddLineButton"

                Content="Add Line ..."                

                Click="AddLineButton_Click"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Red" IsChecked="True" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Blue" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Green" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

    </StackPanel>

</Grid>

Code behind (C#):

public partial class MainWindow : Window

{

    private SimpleLineSymbol _lineSymbol;

    public MainWindow()

    {

        InitializeComponent();

        MyMapView.MapViewTapped += MyMapView_MapViewTapped;

    }

    // Do a hit test when the map view is tapped

    // change the color of the selected graphic (polyline)

    async void MyMapView_MapViewTapped(object sender, MapViewInputEventArgs e)

    {

        var graphicsOverlay = MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays["MyLineGraphics"];

        var graphic = await graphicsOverlay.HitTestAsync(MyMapView, e.Position);

        if (graphic != null)

        {

            // Line symbol color is controlled by a radio button choice

            graphic.Symbol = _lineSymbol;

        }

    }

    // Button click handler to add lines (with the default gray symbol)

    private async void AddLineButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

    {

        var newLine = await MyMapView.Editor.RequestShapeAsync(DrawShape.Polyline);

        var newGraphic = new Graphic(newLine);

        var graphicsOverlay = MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays["MyLineGraphics"];

        graphicsOverlay.Graphics.Add(newGraphic);

    }

    // Radio button handler to determine the line color when a line is clicked

    private void RadioButton_Checked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

    {

        _lineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol

            {

                Style = SimpleLineStyle.Solid,

                Width = 2

            };

        var rb = sender as RadioButton;

        switch (rb.Content.ToString())

        {

            case "Red":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Red;

                break;

            case "Green":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Green;

                break;

            case "Blue":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Blue;

                break;

            default:

                break;

        }

    }

}

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2 Replies
ThadTilton
Esri Contributor

Hi Michael -

One way to accomplish this would be to display the lines as graphics. Unlike other types of layers, a GraphicsOverlay (or GraphicsLayer) will allow you to assign individual symbols to each graphic (as opposed to assigning a renderer for the entire layer, ie). You could perform a hit test on the graphics (on MapViewTapped, eg.) and update the symbol (color) for the line that the user selects.

Here's an example (including a button handler for creating the lines):

XAML:

<Grid>

<esri:MapView x:Name="MyMapView"

LayerLoaded="MyMapView_LayerLoaded">

        <esri:MapView.GraphicsOverlays>

            <esri:GraphicsOverlay ID="MyLineGraphics">

                <esri:GraphicsOverlay.Renderer>

                    <esri:SimpleRenderer>

                        <esri:SimpleLineSymbol Color="DarkGray" Width="2" Style="Dash"/>

                    </esri:SimpleRenderer>

                </esri:GraphicsOverlay.Renderer>

            </esri:GraphicsOverlay>

        </esri:MapView.GraphicsOverlays>

        <esri:Map>

            <esri:ArcGISTiledMapServiceLayer ID="Basemap"

ServiceUri="http://services.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Topo_Map/MapServer"/>

</esri:Map>

</esri:MapView>

    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Top">                   

        <Button x:Name="AddLineButton"

                Content="Add Line ..."                

                Click="AddLineButton_Click"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Red" IsChecked="True" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Blue" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

        <RadioButton Content="Green" Checked="RadioButton_Checked"/>

    </StackPanel>

</Grid>

Code behind (C#):

public partial class MainWindow : Window

{

    private SimpleLineSymbol _lineSymbol;

    public MainWindow()

    {

        InitializeComponent();

        MyMapView.MapViewTapped += MyMapView_MapViewTapped;

    }

    // Do a hit test when the map view is tapped

    // change the color of the selected graphic (polyline)

    async void MyMapView_MapViewTapped(object sender, MapViewInputEventArgs e)

    {

        var graphicsOverlay = MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays["MyLineGraphics"];

        var graphic = await graphicsOverlay.HitTestAsync(MyMapView, e.Position);

        if (graphic != null)

        {

            // Line symbol color is controlled by a radio button choice

            graphic.Symbol = _lineSymbol;

        }

    }

    // Button click handler to add lines (with the default gray symbol)

    private async void AddLineButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

    {

        var newLine = await MyMapView.Editor.RequestShapeAsync(DrawShape.Polyline);

        var newGraphic = new Graphic(newLine);

        var graphicsOverlay = MyMapView.GraphicsOverlays["MyLineGraphics"];

        graphicsOverlay.Graphics.Add(newGraphic);

    }

    // Radio button handler to determine the line color when a line is clicked

    private void RadioButton_Checked(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

    {

        _lineSymbol = new SimpleLineSymbol

            {

                Style = SimpleLineStyle.Solid,

                Width = 2

            };

        var rb = sender as RadioButton;

        switch (rb.Content.ToString())

        {

            case "Red":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Red;

                break;

            case "Green":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Green;

                break;

            case "Blue":

                _lineSymbol.Color = Colors.Blue;

                break;

            default:

                break;

        }

    }

}

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MichaelSibilio
New Contributor

Thank you very much for the detailed example!  Greatly appreciated.

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