Estimating Elevation in ArcGIS Pro

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09-05-2021 10:43 AM
rullasaad
New Contributor

Hello everyone,

I need help determining elevation for some points in ArcGIS pro. The case is as follow:

1- I have a set of 200k points that includes x,y,z data for each.

2- Now, I have an additional "four points" with known x and y only, I need to estimate the elevations of these four new points using the previous 200k points (I have created a separate shapefile for these four points). 

I have tried many tools (interpolation, calculate z, etc.) but it all did not work and gives a null geometry.

Any thoughts on how can I do this?

 

Thanks a lot in advance.

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7 Replies
Brooks_SummitGeo
Regular Contributor

@rullasaad you can convert the points to a raster surface and then interpolate the values for the points from that


David
..Maps with no limits..
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rullasaad
New Contributor

Will I be able to know the elevation of the four points exactly in this case?

And which points shall I convert to a raster, the 200k or the four points or both of them together?

 

Thanks a lot David.

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Brooks_SummitGeo
Regular Contributor

@rullasaad so in this scenario, I've assumed that you have a relatively even distribution of points from which to create a terrain surface, and that your 4 points are somewhere within the main cluster of 200k?

 


David
..Maps with no limits..
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rullasaad
New Contributor

Well, I have manually added the four points using "absolute X,Y" but did not add them to the 200k points. And yes the 200k points are almost evenly distributed, the site is a landfill.

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DanPatterson
MVP Esteemed Contributor

Interpolate a raster surface using your larger point set.  (pay attention to cell size and other raster parameters.

Then with your smaller 4 point featureclass use

Extract Values to Points (Spatial Analyst)—ArcGIS Pro | Documentation

I assume that you have the Spatial Analyst Extension


... sort of retired...
Brooks_SummitGeo
Regular Contributor

One way to do it:

1. Interpolate a surface model (raster terrain) using IDW

https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/latest/tool-reference/spatial-analyst/idw.htm

With your 200k point dataset as the input

 

2. Then run Extract Values to Points: https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/latest/tool-reference/spatial-analyst/extract-values-to-points.htm

...with your 4 point dataset as the input and your new raster as the surface, with interpolation checked.

 

With regard to step 1, there are many different interpolation methods for generating a raster surface, 

https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/latest/tool-reference/3d-analyst/comparing-interpolation-methods.h...

And in your instance, Topo to Raster might be a better tool (if you need to preserve ridges and drainage channels). But IDW is good enough for what you need.


David
..Maps with no limits..
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PrimaliWeerasinghe1
New Contributor II
with your elevation data, create DEM with suitable cell size and then find
the elevation for those unknown 04 points.
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