GIS is a piece of computer software that is designed to connect geographic information with descriptive information. In other words, it makes it possible to produce maps and other types of graphic displays. Attention needs to be paid to the fact that GIS is made up of several components, including hardware software, data, people, and methods. As far as electronic product development is concerned, the job is left to the specialists. Every day, millions of decisions are made based on this technology. GIS applications simplify the life of the end user, allowing them to conduct spatial queries, examinations, edit spatial data, and issue copy maps. It is impossible not to wonder: What are the basic uses of GIS? Software and hardware systems have many applications. These are the basic uses of GIS.
GIS and mapping
The principal function of a geographic information system is to offer a visual representation of data. According to the experts, more than 70% of the data that we take into consideration has a geospatial element. GIS enables the storage of that data. Not only are the details stored in a database, but also they are visually represented. In the modern world, there is a great deal of information available, which grows constantly. High quality maps and graphics are very important for the members of the public, and for specialists, helping them understand spatial patterns and relationships. The reason why GIS is so important is that it enables the contextualization of data.
Environmental impact analysis
An environmental impact analysis is conducted so as to determine is a project will have an impact on the natural environment. In other words, the analysis is carried out to figure out the consequences to individual actions. Preserving natural resources and the environment is important, so an environmental impact analysis comes in handy. Mapping plays an important role in the process, providing specific information about the surroundings and what could happen if a project is undertaken. Anyone interested in building a ski lodge, for example, will know if there are any consequences in the real world.
Estimating damages from flooding
The overflow of large amounts of water naturally results in physical harm. Flood are natural processes and very little can be done so as to prevent them. When it comes to determining the severity of the runoff water, things are not simple. There is a high degree of uncertainty, due to the number of objects surrounding the flood. With a map, it is possible to follow the destruction of the flood. The geographic information system is the one that helps document the need for disaster relief funds and help determine the monetary value of the loss. It can be argued that GIS is essential in emergency situations.
As one can see, GIS brings about many benefits. The geographic information system is available in the form of a commercial software application, which means that it is open to the public. GIS technology can be used to create and print maps, and solve many questions.