In ArcCatalog, you can turn on the ability to sort by Feature Type and sort by the type of item: feature dataset, relationship class, Point, Line, Poly, Table, etc.
Pro Catalog only allows you to sort by Name and the general type of item - feature class, relationship class, table, etc. You cannot sort by the geometry type of the feature classes.
Being able to sort by the detailed geometry type is an indispensable step for finding and managing data in databases with a large number of items. Please add this functionality to Pro Catalog!
Feature classes are sorted, but all the geometries are mixed together, with no ability to sort further (at least not that I am aware of).