This has been marked by Kory Kramer as a Duplicate of Add Select by Attributes Tool to Attribute Table in ArcGIS Pro Please go to that idea to up vote and comment. Thank you!
I would like to see a filter option (either select by attribute or a definition query) in the right-click menu of attribute tables in ArcGIS Pro. I often find myself looking through a table, then needing to filter out the data I don't need at that moment. Unfortunately, I then have to go to a completely different part of the application to set this filter.
In the example above, I want to filter by "Community." With the proposed functionality, I could Right-click on "Community," select "Filter by Attribute" (or possibly Select By Attribute) and then the geoprocessing tool would open up in the side pane, ready to go with the table and field I want to filter on already set.