In Pro there is the Explore Tool, that you use to identify, pan and zoom, etc. If you click the drop down arrow on the tool under the Map tab there are some options, Topmost layer, Visible layers, Selectable layers, Selected in Contents, and Candidate Pop-up. The default option is the Topmost layer. For me I'd like to have it on either Visible or Selected in Contents as the default option. So I think there should be a setting or preference that you can change this to the option you want for all Pro Projects on start up per user. I have been unable to find a way to do this currently. I'm always changing it to Visible Layers when trying to identify features.