# Limiting Extent in which a Point can Exist

Blog Post created by MKellyesri-ireland-ie-esridist on Oct 26, 2017

On occasion, you may want to limit the extent in which points can be input into a survey. This may be to simply validate the input data on initial entry, or to restrict input for functional requirements. In the attached survey, the extent has been limited to Ireland. In order to do this, there are a few things that have to be done.

## 1. Get Extent Values

A good way to do this is to go to your organisations settings. Go to your Organisation - Edit Settings - Map and click Choose Extent as below.

From there, you can a Draw an extent, and note down the Lat/Long values you will need to use in your survey. The values below correspond to the values used in the attached form, so you can directly replace them as necessary.

The alternative is to use the super-useful Super-Duper Extent Helper developed by Bradley Snider.

## 2. Setup Calculations in Survey123 Connect

There are various calculations you have to make in order to limit and input point to a particular extent, as below.

• pulldata("@geopoint",\${Location},"x")
• This pulls the x attribute from the \${Location} geopoint question and stores it as a separate attribute
• Further information on pulling data from geopoint questions can be found in this blog post
• pulldata("@geopoint",\${Location},"y")
• This pulls the y attribute from the \${Location} geopoint question and stores it as a separate attribute
• if((number(\${XValue}) > -10.7) and (number(\${XValue}) < -5.4), 1, 0)
• This uses the if function in order to ensure the the x attribute returned from the pulldata function is between -10.7 and -5.4. If this is true, the value of this field is equal to 1, otherwise it is equal to 0
• if((number(\${YValue}) > 51.4) and (number(\${YValue}) < 55.4), 1, 0)
• This uses the if function in order to ensure the the y attribute returned from the pulldata function is between 51.4 and 55.4. If this is true, the value of this field is equal to 1, otherwise it is equal to 0
• int(\${ValidX}) + int(\${ValidY})
• This calculation adds the values of both if calculations together

## 3. Setup Constraint

This is ultimately what is used to check whether the point is within the specified extent. A message is returned to the user if it is not within the appropriate extent. In order for this to pass, it's value must equal 2 (i.e. the sum of both if statements). If it is not equal to 2, it means that either the x or y attributes, or both do not lie within the specified extent.

## 4. Hide and Don't Store Validation Calculations

In order to hide any validation calculations, we set the field types as hidden. We also use The Power of Nothing to ensure fields are not created to store the calculation results being used as part of the point validation (see bind::esri:fieldType column).

## 5. Add a Note when Outside of Extent

This will help notify the user that they are outside of the allowable extent. To do this, you add a note row, along with a label - not including a name here results in a field not being created in the Feature Layer for the note. Then specify a relevant calculation so that the warning message only gets displayed when the user is outside of the allowable extent.

See the completed form below (also attached):

 type name label constraint constraint_message relevant calculation bind::esri:fieldType geopoint Location Specify Location hidden XValue X Co-Ordinate pulldata("@geopoint",\${Location},"x") null hidden YValue Y Co-Ordinate pulldata("@geopoint",\${Location},"y") null hidden ValidX X Within Range if((number(\${XValue}) > -10.7) and (number(\${XValue}) < -5.4), 1, 0) null hidden ValidY Y Within Range if((number(\${YValue}) > 51.4) and (number(\${YValue}) < 55.4), 1, 0) null hidden Allowed Within Specified Extent? .=2 Specified Location Outside of Extent int(\${ValidX}) + int(\${ValidY}) null note
**** Specified Location Outside of Ireland ****
\${Allowed} != 2

This is not currently supported in Web Forms because the pulldata() function is not supported when used against geopoint question (as documented here)