Investigating World Ecoregions and Population Density

Blog Post created by jkerski-esristaff Employee on Aug 28, 2020

Examining Regions with ArcGIS  Maps and Google Street View.  At times, geographic learning is enhanced with photographs taken on the landscape you are studying.  Fortunately, photographs are a standard part of today’s Spatial Technology. In the following activity, you will study regions through an interactive map and on-the-ground photographs.


Examine a world ecoregions and population density map.  Access the map of World Ecoregions and Population Density, in ArcGIS , here:



To the left of the map > Content > Turn off population density and turn on ecoregions, as follows:

Ecoregions A

On the map, click on one of the ecoregions.  You might have to use the > next button in the popup until you get “past” the continent and country information to the ecoregion name.  The map will look similar to this:




Compare the ecoregions in eastern Australia and central Australia.  Or another region of the world. 


Based on the descriptions, what do you predict the landscape will look like on the ground in those locations?  What landforms, trees, and shrubs will predominate?  Will you see any evidence of water?  What will the evidence of humans be on land use? 


Toggle the population density layer on and off, noting the patterns that you see in helping you answer the following question when you go to Street View for a chosen area:  Will you see any towns or cities?


Examine on-the-ground photographs from Street View.


To test your hypotheses about the characteristics of the ecoregions, go to Google Maps:  https://www.google.com/maps  Search on Australia.  You will likely see a 3D scene zoomed to the scale of all of Australia, as below, particularly if you have enabled the Google Earth plugin to your web browser.  Drag the Street View icon and hover it over the continent of Australia.  Before dropping it on the map, note the amount of blue on the map.  This reflects how many roads exist, and also the extent that the Google cars have traveled with their 360 degree cameras (which in turn reflects some socio-political geography as well; that is, where the cars are allowed in specific places around the world and where they are prohibited—another good topic for geography class discussions!).

Ecoregions C


Now, drop the Street View icon on a region in Australia corresponding to one of the ecoregions you investigated earlier.  What do you predict you will see?  For example, compare the location in Queensland, at left, to the location in Northern Territory, at right:

Ecoregions D


What do you predict the land will look like in a taiga ecoregion?  A chaparral ecoregion?  Compare your predictions against a street view image.


Extending the activity:  Use GeoGuessr quizzes about the Earth.  Another method of helping students to think spatially about cultural and physical regions using street view images is with GeoGuessr (without the “e” in the last part of the word):  https://geoguessr.com/   In this quiz, a player (or competing against another player, say, another student in your classroom), guesses the location on the map, and the points depend on the speed at which the student responds and the distance “off” from the true location of that image.  Excellent connections to fostering spatial thinking in geography include considerations of the landforms, climate as reflected in water or vegetation types, driving on the left or right side of the road, languages visible, land use, housing type and construction material, and other objects on the physical and cultural landscape.